The move follows the surprise resignation of former head coach Amanda Rivera, who left to accept an assistant coaching position at Purdue.
Tarter, formerly the head coach at NAIA Purdue Calumet for three seasons, will assume the role of interim head coach for the 2017 season before a full-time head coach is named following the season.
Purdue Calumet saw their program grow from scratch with Tarter at the helm, though she only led the Peregrines through three playing seasons on the field. In 2014, the program's inaugural season, the Peregrines posted a record of 28-8, ultimately going 75-60 during Tarter's tenure.
At IUPUI, Tarter assumes the helm of a program that posted a 20-35 record in 2016, even still barely missing the NCAA postseason with a championship-game-loss to North Dakota State to end the conference tournament. The season also included a victory over the ACC's North Carolina State in an early-season matchup.